1. Based on this theory, describe the role of the therapist in relation to the client.
It is the therapist’s role to give unconditioned positive regard to the client, in this case, Esther. It is also important that the therapist be genuine and have empathic understanding for Esther’s mental health.
2. Apply this theory’s explanation of personality development to the individual(s) in this case.
It appears that Esther currently, and possibly for many years has had no concept of self. It is quite possible that she was denied to be who she was in infancy. There is also the possibility that Esther received a negative regard from others as an infant.
3. Apply the theory’s explanation of maladaptive/ abnormal behavior development to the individual(s) in this case.
When Esther’s husband died, she saw him as her self-image. When the robber took her husbands life, she felt as if he (the robber) had taken her life as well. It is because of this sudden change in her perception that she has been unable to cope with the situation.
4. What are some of the goals for the individual(s) in this case based on the theory?
I believe the first and most important goal in Esther’s situation is to encourage her to talk about her childhood and why she has no concept of self. She has been living as the way others want her to live causing her to feel as though if they disappear, she would not be able to cope. (The answer lied in part that her father was killed by a drunk driver when she was two years old. Her mother also blamed her for years because Esther’s father went to go get medicine for Esther when she was sick and that is when the accident occured.)
5. Describe the use of this theory’s specific treatment techniques and interventions with the individual(s) in this case.
By using Humanism and the theories of Carl Rogers, the therapist allows the client to open up freely in a threat-free, non-possessive, and accepting atmosphere which would allow Esther to eventually express her true feelings and sensibly view her experiences that have denied or distorted her past.
6. Describe the theory’s pertinent basic concepts, principles and/ or tenants that have not been explored elsewhere in this activity. Describe them relative to the case presented.
By the therapist being genuine, empathetic, and having an unconditioned positive regard for the client, this client-centered approach will allow Esther to find her worth as an individual during a specific time frame that was given by the therapist.